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Liber...censualium: Digital Edition - Basic text: Introduction

Liber censualium: fol.2r with the oldest traditions (c. 1078 - 1098).Liber censualium: fol.2

Zur deutschen Fassung

The Zensualen-Traditionsbuch of the cathedral chapter of Freising is faithfully edited here for the first time.  It represents the earliest attempt to make an accounting of the incomes paid by the persons and families who owed the cathedral chapter a yearly fee in return for protection.

The Kopialbuch was planned after this customary payment had been practiced for generations and become institutionalized, so that it was assumed to deal with an ever growing, socially heterogeneous association of persons as a source of income. The desired social tie to the bishopric, and the neutrally or positively felt dependence of those bound to it, was recompensed by the yearly payment and the loss of freedom. At the same time, this relationship guaranteed the visibly privileged position of those who paid the yearly tribute to the diocese.

All this is reflected in the formulas of the entries, which stipulate in different variants the binding of these Zensualen at the altar of Freising's patron saints, the level of their yearly payments, and their assignment to the canons.

Since these entries deal with patterns of economic life practiced daily, one also frequently finds the abbreviated formula sub eadem conditione with an accompanying list of names, as well as the enumeration of several of Freising-dependant persons at a particular location who are introduced by the formula Isti sunt censuales de... More rarely, one encounters documents, which reproduce details about the type of transaction and allow the existing social connections to be recognized, as for example in number 67, part three: Mathilt libere dedit se ad aram sancte Marie cum posteris suis.

The Registerbuch is written on folios 2 to 25v, 27 to 31v, and on folio 34; however, it has not been handed down in its entirety.


Adelheid Krah (IOeG, University of Vienna)
Translated by Hans Hummer (Wayne State University)